This Monsoon

Cows, Curious, Cattle, Agriculture
It’s time to prep yourself to leap in the water, and get your hands dirty in the mud pool whilst rowing your own miniature, paper boats over the small streams of water flowing beside. Here comes the monsoon, and we’re all set to enjoy one of the blissful seasons. But at some places, it is the moment of rejoicing, and for the rest, it is raining cats and dogs. With the onset of monsoon, the environment is subject to deaths such as flooding and in such a case, it causes severe loss to the mankind, flora, and the fauna. As we take preventive measures and extra care for ourselves during the rainy season, the same is needed for the animals especially the livestock who roam around and live in open fields, leaving them exposed to life-threatening diseases. The dairy farmers start to plan and collect resources they would require to manage their cattle and protect it. Animals require a close attention during this time when they should maintain a normal body temperature against the cold weather. The torrential rains affect the environmental humidity to an extent that the temperature drops much below the lowest temperature limit which causes stress to animals.
This compels the animals to react in a way, say by seeking shelter or raising metabolic activity, which could help them maintain their body temperature with the rising cold. Hence, this raises their dietary requirements, particularly the quality feeds that are high on energy.
The cows specifically, require feeds which are full of essential nutrients as they consume more energy to adjust to the climatic conditions and maintain a balanced positive energy. If the cows do not acquire the superior feed supplements, they end up utilizing the reserved energy stored in the body to generate heat and handle body functioning to produce high-quality milk.
The condition seems worse for the heifers who could bear calves in such a poor body state, lending them a difficult, painful calving, and the birth of weak, low-in-weight calves.
This situation gives rise to calf mortality rate which leads to the mothers producing less milk with delayed heat cycle, lowering the reproduction rate.
Apart from the effect on the livestock, the heavy downpour does influence the other stuff also. It becomes hard to bale the hay, keep the cattle feed dry, and watch out the aflatoxins (poisonous carcinogens that cause liver damage and cancer). These dangerous toxins lower the quality of fodder and decrease the consumption by animals out of high contamination.
Therefore, it is crucial to maintain the dry feed away from the rains to avoid getting them mouldy, especially the hay. Manure and silage should also be stored in a dry place to prevent congealing as the same becomes inconsumable from the cows then. The manure is very likely to lose out on vital constituents so it should be stacked up and stored at a proper place away from moisture.
To make sure that the animals maintain the desirable body temperature and body weight, you need to follow certain steps that will help you manage your cows during the rains and save your money being spent in inappropriate places.
Cleanliness is foremost.
Animals are likely to easily catch diseases in this season, exposing various health problems. Therefore, keeping the animals dry and clean always stands as the very first requirement that must be fulfilled. Besides, the cow teats must also be cleaned and sanitized frequently before and after milking. This assists in keeping the milk away from getting contagious.
Increase the feed amount.
The animals, in this age, need more food and energy to generate heat to live in the cold weather. Feed the cows with nutrient grains and forage. In the case only wet feedstuff is available, make sure it’s never too cold or frozen.
3.
Creating a shed is not enough. Building a proper, warm bed for the cows is equally significant as a moist, soiled or dirty bedding leaves them vulnerable to health difficulties. Thus, a bed of dry sand is the best, but the availability is limited. In such situations, you can decide on dry straws or animal mattresses.
Supply drinking water.
The rainy season does not indicate sufficiency of drinking water. Cows have to be fed with clean and potable water to stop a decrease in consumption of feed from the cows. However, you must ensure that the water you provide isn’t too cold or in a freezing temperature.
Drain away the stagnant water.
The accumulation of rain water during the monsoon is obvious and regular. But the exact same also provides a natural platform for the growth of harmful bacteria and diseases. Therefore, preserving a hygienic surrounding works well in obviating the same.

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